Minolta MD 28mm 1:2.8 – 5 elements 5 groups – review

Published by Tony on

Minolta MD 28mm 1:2.8 5×5 (Minolta MD 28mm F/2.8 5×5) – vintage manual lens test and review

  • Official classification: New-MD
  • Collector’s classification: MD III

Minolta has produced two MD 28mm F2.8 lenses in a similar MD III design – one with 7 elements in 7 groups optical scheme and another – 5 elements in 5 groups.

Both have enough identical exterior but may be easily distinguished because 5×5-version has a thin black ring around the front lens but 7×7-version doesn’t have.

Both sisters have been compared by sharpness/resolution, the link is at the bottom of the page. But this article is about the test results of the 5×5-version.


Minolta MD 28mm 1:2.8 5×5 specifications

minolta.eazypix.de index52
Name engraved on lensMD
f[mm]28
A max [1/f]2,8
A min[1/f]22
Lens design [el.]5
Lens design [gr.]5
Filter thread Ø front(rear)[mm]49
Lens Shadeclip-in
closefocus[m/ft]0.3/1
Dimension Ø x length [mm]64×43
Weight[g]185
Year1983
StyleMD III
Code No. (ROKKOR-X) or Order No.590-910
Floating elementsNO
Aperture blades number6
Confidence in the test results of reviewed copiesVery high
Reviewed lens SN:9084875

Minolta MD 28mm 1:2.8 5×5 exterior

The tested copy was in bad condition of the exterior but is good optically. Later I got another copy, but this review is based on the older lens because this material is one of the firsts published on this site.

The newer copy is taking part in articles that have been published later.

Yes, this lens looks like a survivor after a nuclear war. It wasn’t an easy task to repair and return it to full working condition.

Another copy in “mint”:

Mounted on Minolta X-700

This is a very suitable set – the camera and lens are from the same period of time

Minolta MD 28mm 1:2.8 lens-shade

Another copy with the box:

Minolta MD 28mm 1:2.8 sharpness

Сlose-distance resolution test

Testing methods description

  • Target: 10-15 cm picture, printed on glossy photo paper
  • Distance:10% longer than minimal focus distance marked on the lens
  • Camera: Sony A7II (24mpx, full-frame, tripod, remote control). M-mode, ISO fixed, WB fixed, SteadyShot – OFF.
  • The test was repeated for every F-stop on every focus position with manual focus adjustment for each shot. That is to avoid the effect of field curvature.
  • RAW processing: Capture One, default settings. All quality settings – 100%. Crops – 300×200 px

Scene preview:

Test results (selected version, easy to compare – 4 positions)

Test results (full version – all 9 positions)

Long-distance resolution test

Testing methods description

  • Target: cityscape
  • Distance: > 200 meters to center focus point
  • Camera: Sony A7II (24mpx, full-frame, tripod, remote control). M-mode, ISO fixed, WB fixed, SteadyShot – OFF. The focus point is on the center only.
  • RAW processing: Capture One, default settings. All quality settings – 100%. Crops – 300×200 px

Scene preview

Test results

Minolta MD 28mm 1:2.8 5×5 aberrations

Vignetting

Geometric distortion

Coma aberrations

Chromatic aberrations

Short-distance bokeh

Test conditions: lens was focused on minimal distance 0.3m, plants are in 2m distance from the camera

Long-distance bokeh

Test conditions: the lens was focused on half distance on the scale (0.5m), buildings are on “infinity”-distance

Light bubbles bokeh

Test conditions: lens was focused on minimal distance + 10% of scale (about 0.27m), diodes were fixed in 2m distance

Minolta MD 28mm 1:2.8 5 elements 5 groups – overall conclusion

The lens has many advantages, but there are also disadvantages. From the positive – it is small, lightweight, inexpensive, it is easy to find on sale. This lens is not rare and therefore has not scored part of the “collectible cost”.
Of the shortcomings, it isn’t a gem and got a quite average IQ. This reincarnation may be slightly better than the previous 7×7 version, but the difference cannot be called noticeable. Although, on F8, it can show good sharpness over the entire field of the frame. It may be recommended to photographers who do not very often shoot at such a focal length but would like to have a 28mm lens just in case.


3 Comments

Anonymous · 2019-09-24 at 22:15

This was super informative. Thank you for using anime.

Helge · 2021-04-19 at 00:24

Your review goes against every other source on the 7/7 vs 5/5 version differences.
That’s not to say you are wrong of course, as these things are often just referencing the same source.
But do you have any comments WRT this?

    Tony · 2021-04-19 at 17:07

    It is also interesting for me, because I’ve seen many mentions but never seen that root-comparison.
    Anyway, mine results got from 4 copies is enough for me (2x 5-5 and 2x 7-7). You can check battles and “romantics” with these lenses on the site

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